What is prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in men. In the United States, the American Cancer Society estimates that 268,490 men will be newly diagnosed with this condition in 2022. A tumor of the prostate gland is called prostate cancer and can spread to other areas of the body. If there are only a few tumors, they grow slowly and may not cause problems. But if a tumor grows into or around vital organs or if it spreads to other parts of the body, it is called metastatic or advanced cancer.
Types of prostate cancer
Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that can occur in the prostate. The prostates are two glands near the base of the penis. The prostate tissue consists of fluid-filled tubes and small cavities called pouches known as seminal vesicles, bulbs of the urethra, and part of a ducted organ called the ejaculatory ducts. However, other rare types of cancer Trusted Source can also originate in the prostate, including:
- small cell carcinoma, such as lung cancer
- neuroendocrine tumors, such as pancreatic cancer
- transitional cell carcinomas, such as kidney cancer
- sarcomas, such as bone cell cancer
Causes of Prostate cancer and risk factors
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men, according to the American Cancer Society. But most prostate cancers are slow-growing and do not spread to other parts of the body or cause symptoms. This can make it easier for men to ignore Prostate Cancer Treatment, Prostate cancer symptoms as a sign that something is wrong or treatable than if deadly cancer had spread.
- Urinary problems
- Sexual problems
- Pain and numbness
Early detection of prostate cancer
Early detection of prostate cancer is important for several reasons. First, early detection means earlier treatment that can extend a man’s life by lowering the chance of metastatic cancer, which can be fatal if left untreated. Second, early diagnosis is easier when it comes to managing side effects from treatment with less impact on quality of life.
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA)
The Prostate-Specific Antigen test is the best way to detect prostate cancer. It measures the amount of PSA in your blood, and is a useful tool for your doctor to consider whether or not your PSA levels may indicate a problem with prostate cancer. Yet, it’s often recommended as only part of a comprehensive screening program for prostate cancer.
Digital rectal exam (DRE)
A rectal exam is a simple and painless test in which the doctor inserts their finger into your rectum. The finger is lubricated, gloved and pearched to protect your skin from infection. Once in place, the doctor will use an instrument called a cystoscope to view any areas of concern such as enlarged or hardened prostate glands or potentially malignant growths that may be found in men with an elevated PSA level.
The best way to detect prostate cancer is with a biopsy, but this is invasive and can be painful. In direct image-guided biopsies, doctors use imaging to help guide the needle directly into the prostate gland without having to make an incision or remove tissue. The quality of these images has improved significantly over the past two decades and we now recommend them as a primary method of diagnosing benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) when only localized disease is suspected.
Prostate cancer treatment
The best cancer hospital treatment plan for your cancer depends on a number of factors. Your doctor will develop an appropriate one based on your age, health status, and the stage of your cancer.